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Who was Angkar Leu from 1973-79?(Part0)

Posted By: SLK < was Angkar Leu from 1973-79?(Part0)> (
Date: Monday, 26 August 2002, at 5:31 p.m.

Continued from Intro:

In the meantime, Thom (in Cambodian “Big” here is to address to a lady/gentle man which is very polite way to use in Cambodia) was receiving her guests in her house. Everybody so happy to see each other who thought Miss Tien would be safe on the way to Kampuchea. 16 p.m., at the same time, after having meal, everybody left. Because at 17 p.m., the State’s curfew. Kieng In thanks to his uncle, Pan Lao and Thom Pao’s family, and especially thanks to Ngan Thi Ba to confirm: “I and Miss Tien have to set off by tomorrow, at 15 by convoi. If we failed by tomorrow, had to wait for another week.” At 13, on July 18 1948, everybody had gathered in Thom Pao Seth’s house to say goodbye to Kieng In and Miss Tien, but Miss Tien had disappeared unexpectedly. Thach Ty Hung was rushing back and forth to find his niece. Then, Thom Pao Seth whispered to Thach Ty Hung about Ah Tien not loving Kieng In. soon after Thach Ty Hung knew this, his hair stood right up and whispered to Thom Pao Seth’s ear: “What could we do then?” Kieng In, who was a arranged fiancé according to our ancestral tradition, had risked his life to cross the river through the fighting/bullets to save Ah Tien.

Eagerly, Thach Ty Hung was looking for his niece for a long hour, but he found her hiding in a bathroom. He explained to her about the danger, if the Vietminh caught her who could be killed on the spot. Therefore, she had to run away from Kampuchea Krom. Then a ship gave a horn as first signal. Uncle Hung carried his poor niece’s hand out of the bathroom to Pao Lao who caressed her head expressing the sympathy for her and then handed some letters, and a permission to her by explaining that when you-Tien got to Battambang, you have to write to Mineducanale in Prey Nokor to resign from being a teacher. Kieng In walked straight to ask her that it was time for us to leave. Miss Tien raised her hands joining together in the highly elegant gesture of Khmer courtesy to say goodbye and thank to everybody. And then she went to kiss Yiey Sam and embraced Ngan Thi Ba who was poor friend since we were childhood. A ship then gave a second signal to warn that they are about to leave, and off we go.

When the convoy came through Colao-Co Cheu, turned left to the Cantho province. All of a sudden, Vietminh ambushed firing like popcorn to all French soldiers who bent down. As for Miss Tien, who still stood up, thought if she was killed now, may be safe for her. But there was no danger to us-the passengers because of another barge, which was loaded with rice, was running slowly. On the waterway of the Mekong, Bo Dois often ambushed firing at the convoys extremely heavily. But at that time, Bo Dois had only Muosquetoir; they could not shoot a convoy to sink. Now and then French soldiers fired back with Rafale Mitrailleuse to Bo Dois who were killed on the spot. On 3rd, at about 11 the convoy arrived in Cantho, Chef De Convoi ordered soldiers and all passengers to go onto a dock. We all went by train instead, to reduce the weight of the convoy, which had to carry the rice to Prey Nokor. Kieng In walked Miss Tien to the railway station, while French soldiers were on the train, which left Cantho for the Prey Nokor immediately. At the same day, about 17 Kieng In and Miss Tien got to Prey Nokor safely. Kieng In walked Miss Tien to Khmer Wat Chantaraingsey to leave her with nuns. As to him, had to go and contact a convoi to continue our trip to Phnom Penh.

About 10, on July 30 1948, he came to take Miss Tien out of the Wat to a convoy-about 500m away from Wat. He introduced Miss Tien to Chef De Convoy who was a French man, by telling a lie that she was his cousin who was an orphan. Kieng In brought her to Phnom Penh for continuing her studies. So Chef De Convoy accepted her reluctantly. He ordered Miss Tien to dress up as a soldier because this convoy was for only the soldiers-not for the civilians. When the convoy arrived at the head of the Monivong Bridge. Khmer PM who was on guard duty, checked on every convoy, suddenly found Miss Tien who was called to get off the convoy. She then was walked to Poste De Guarde. At that time, Chef De Convoi, Kieng In had been waiting for Miss Tien on the side of the road, eating their bread happily, for they didn’t bother about that guard who was thought to be the same Khmer. But on the contrary, that big brother (guard) didn’t question her for anything, who put her in a custody, by taking a pretext of accusing her of being Vietnamese spy crossed into the Cambodian territory illegally (Miss Tien was kept in a custody for his pleasure sexual assaults). In such a danger, Kieng In was so shocked to ask Chef De Convoi to stand surety for Miss Tien as a French temporary husband. At that time, they had a bitter argument for a good while, only then Miss Tien was set free from the custody. Some people asked: “Why is that big Khmer brother so black-hearted?” Answered: “Because Khmer mandarins, officials and ministers, for a century, who slept and ate well, enjoyed their lives, had never been oppressed by other nations, were short of political education and consciousness. Some used to have long exploited their own people, who had only an ambition of seizing power to be a top man or a tycoon. They don’t care about the suffering of Kampuchea Krom people who have been oppressed by Yuon who are trying to exterminate and disperse them all…Etc.”

After all, Miss Tien and Kieng In went to find a place to stay. At 20 the same day, Kieng In walked Miss Tien to Di Vinh Tri’s house, while having meal. All of a sudden, he heard knocking at the door, got up and went to open it. Oh! By seeing Kieng In with Miss Tien behind. This young boy was so frightened in rush, had no word to ask. Because Kieng In just stayed overnight at his house. Early morning, he left Tri’s house for Travinh. So Tri didn’t see him for more than two weeks. He was so surprised to see Kieng In in again safely. Before he left, he caressed Tri’s head telling him: “I brought Miss Tien to be your wife.” Tri thought Kieng In was joking. One evening, Kieng In walked Tri to meet Miss Tien. Both of who carried a few packs of food leaving on the floor of the sitting room. Tri went in to get him bathed instead, who didn’t care about anything. Kieng In walked into Miss Tien’s room to tell her to prepare dinner. Miss Tien went out of her room into the sitting room to open those packs of food left on the small mat. Kieng In then made the young boy Tri to drink a lot of beer, was 17, drunk and made endless speaking. Tri then tapped Kieng In on the shoulder by complaining him, “You-In are naughty man, you are already married. For what reason caused you to bring Sister-Tien here?” At that time, In looked so pale on his lip-no response. Miss Tien asked Tri: “Is it true?” Di Vinh Tri stayed quiet. Kieng In looked at Miss Tien widely to see her expressing of strange manner, surprisingly and smiling expression on her face . He extremely wondered, because on the trip with her more than half month ago through the battlefield, crossing the river, getting on and off the convoy/train, never seen her smiling, never heard her question. He dares not to look at Miss Tien any more! When Neang Tien was safe in Cambodia, she looked back to her parents in Kampuchea Krom. Her father was brutally beheaded by Vietcong because he refused to hand Neang Tien over to them. Vietcong beheaded her father in the eyes of public to warn to Kampuchea Krom people not to follow Neang Tien’s example. Because Neang Tien knew too much about their dirty-secret genocidal plans against Cambodians.

Simon Ross’s “The Subjugation of Cambodia” [.15], written in 1983: By now Son Ngoc Thanh and his free Cambodians had developed a very strong groundswell of popular support in Cambodia. The Vietminh attempted to cash in on this and ride to power in Phnom Penh on the backs of the Khmer Issaraks (Free Cambodians). Firstly, the communists boosted a previously unknown leader called Son Ngoc Minh (called Achar Mien), an obvious attempt to persuade Khmers that this newcomers was a close relative of the popular Son Ngoc Thanh. And as the free Cambodians had just formed a “Committee of National Liberation”, so the communists created a “Committee for the Liberation of the Cambodian people”.

Another Cambodian expert, Father Francois Ponchaud, speaks Khmer very fluently, and knows a lot of Cambodian Histories than other Cambodian historians. I heard his voice on the Radio 3EA, interviewed with Um Narong in Khmer language in late 1991. But he also didn’t know much about Hanoi’s dirty-secret-genocidal plans of Khmer race, has given us more information about the “Mysterious Son Ngoc Thanh”: in 1950, while the Khmer students in Paris were beginning to develop their ideas, the largely unknown Khmer revolutionaries from Cochin China founded the “United National Front” led by the mysterious Son Ngoc Minh-pseudonym of a chief who was said the to be the brother of much-loved Son Ngoc Thanh. The Front’s prime objective was to assist Vietnam in its national liberation struggle against France. These “Khmer-Vietminhs”, as they were called, sought to destroy France’s economic and financial holdings in Cambodia and sabotage communications within Indochina. The Front received very little support from the Khmers in Cambodia, who had small knowledge of political issues, and they endured the war of decolonization rather than taking any active part in it-to them, it was a Vietnamese affairs.

Father François Ponchaud also emphasized: the origins of the Khmer Communist Party that is now running Kampuchea date from the anti-colonialists struggle against the French. Ho Chi Minh, whose aim was to get France out of Indochina and set up a socialist regime there, founded the “Indochinese Communist Party” on 3 February 1930. It was joined by a newly formed Cambodian section composed solely of Vietnamese and Chinese nationals living in Cambodia, who could exert no profound influence upon the Khmeduring the first Indo-Chinese war. The Khmers in Cochin China had always been fiercely political, detached from their motherland since the eighteen century; they lived under the dominion of the Vietnamese, shielded by France. Their Khmer honor suffered from this, and from early childhood they had to defend themselves against the Vietnamese in order to preserve their own culture. “Ever since we were children,” one of them says, “We were taught to hate the monarchy because it was the monarchy’s fault that we had lost our Khmer identity.”

Then, Nguyen Van Mien/ Son Ngoc Minh cooperated with Tou Samouth (nickname, Achar Sok) as the chairmen of Committees of the National United Front. Therefore, on 19 June 1951, the United National Front of Kampuchea was led by a masquerade-Achar Mien/ Son Ngoc Minh, which is today known as “Cambodian People's Revolutionary Party/ Pracheachon. Vietcong cadres seized the opportunity to push the people into open rebellion. NVA/Vietcong, by taking advantage of the confusion that followed Prince Sihanouk’s deposition, invaded two-thirds of Cambodia, where they were hiding, to wait for the right time to come to achieve their long-time dream of forming “Indo-Chinese federation, which was led by the machine of Hanoi. In the countryside, they got Sihanouk’s good graces for their sanctuaries to liberate South Vietnam. In 1965, South Vietnamese had a good blessing from American intervention. Meanwhile, more and more Vietcong/NVAs were sent deeper and deeper into the countryside. In 1970, 20,000 Vietcong/NVAs flooded into all over Cambodian territory; those who have had every good experiences of war, and know Cambodian geography far better than the Cambodian people. Lon Nol claimed that they had between 35,000 and 40,000 troops in the country. He published maps of their bases and supply lines, and he pointed out that their spread was due to flooding and to “the operation-pressures exerted by their adversary,” “that is, to clearly operations by American and South Vietnam troops.”

William Shawcross, in “Sideshow”, who provided us more clearly evidences that: In February 1970, Lon Nol called a meeting of provincial governors in Phnom Penh to discuss the Vietnamese situation. Apparently, the governors painted a dismal picture of the high-handed manner in the Vietcong and North Vietnamese were behaving in several provinces. Lon Nol then closed Sihanoukville to communist supplies and shipments as Sihanouk had done for a time in the spring of 1969. A report on communist infiltration, designed to stir up public anger, was presented to the Assembly; there were now alleged to be 60,000 communist troops in the country-20, 000 more than Lon Nol had estimated in September.

Lon Nol had only 27, 000 FANK troops in the country. That’s why there was a coup d’etat of 13 March 1970, to have removed Sihanouk as a Head of State. Lon Nol had to receive a broken stone (Scapegoat), which was the old totalitarian-corrupt regime of Sihanouk automatically left to him. During that period, we were very negligent to let the flood rising over our roofs and then we all started to swim confusingly to find a shelter, but we then were all drowned slowly to the “pawns of Death”. Khieu Samphan and Khmer communists were in a horrified emotion to sign of supporting Sihanouk on March 26, 1970. From the outset of Cambodian crisis, China decided to back Prince Sihanouk all the ways, and welcomed him in Peking on 19 March 1970 with all the honors accorded to a Chief of State. On 25 March 1970, Chou en-Lai urged him and Pham van Dong, North Vietnamese Minister of Foreign Affairs, to form a “United Front of the Three Indo-Chinese Peoples”; this led to the canton Conference, held on 24 and 25 April, over which Chou En-Lai came to preside over in person. At that time, Prince Sihanouk, Prince Souphanouvong (Laos), Pham van Dong (North Vietnam) and Nguyen Huu Tho (South Vietnam NLF) decided to join forces at military and diplomatic levels in order to drive the American imperialists out of Indo-China.

At that time, these incidences were so confused in Cambodia, which was like bringing thousands and thousands of fuel to pour onto the flame/inferno was on fire. That was a really disaster of Cambodia, was that hundreds of thousands of Vietcong/NVAs who were still hiding in the Cambodian jungles preparing for war, taking Khmer communists’ name and Sihanouk’s. And, in the countryside, the Vietcong/NVAs wore badges representing the deposed prince, whom they swore to restore to power. Armed with taped-recorders, they played tapes of the prince’s call to rebellion that had been broadcast over radio Peking. The peasants wept with joy and greeted the Vietnamese as their liberators. Provincial administrations either went over to the revolutionaries or fled. The civil servants, schoolteachers and students, who were blamed for the prince’s deposition, were hunted down and executed by Lon Nol’s secret police.

Vietcong/NVAs further declared:

From 1970 to 1973, pro-Sihanoukists were fighting against pro-Lon Nolists. They bursted with joyfulness and shouted in the name of Sihanouk to instigate the poor peasants and workers to hate corrupt Lon Nol regime, and to restore Sihanouk to power. In the United States, the President Nixon didn’t know much about Vietnamese tricks/circuses. He authorized the American-South Vietnamese forces to launch a clean-up operation extending forty kilometers inside Cambodian territory and lasting from 30 April to June 30 1970. Therefore, as a Cambodian old saying; “The Giant [US] received a blessing from the Shiva (Vietnamese)”. Both North and South Vietnamese are so extremely tricky, taking advantage of this official blessing on an incursion into Khmer territory to avenge and overavenge their compatriots who had been massacred by Lon Nol’s men the month before; their savagery drove a large number of Cambodian peasants over to the Khmer communists who were in the jungles with Vietcong/NVAs leaders. And, Nguyen van Thieu’s savage horde Cambodia came to invade, pillage, burn, ruin, destroy Cambodia, and to rob, torture, rape and murder Cambodians. That was the high price Nguyen Van Thieu’s Government made Cambodia pay in exchange for the military protection it provided the faltering Khmer Republic.

Thieu’s army assumed the right to ship all it wanted of the Cambodians’ cattle, buffaloes, cars, machines…Etc., back effectively to South Vietnam. It went so far as to send giant helicopters to scavenge in Khmer territory. Equipped with hooks and steel cables, they lifted cars (private property) and industrial equipment. Thieu’s troops also ransacked several Buddhist pagodas in the countryside. After the agreements concluded with North Vietnam on January 27, 1973, America undertook to restore peace in Cambodia by detaching the Khmer Rouge from Sihanouk and launching the idea of a coalition government to be formed after negotiation with all political parties. The president Nixon authorized the US Airforce to drop 40,000 tons of bombs on Cambodia between 7 March and 15 August 1973 every month, causing the deaths of 200,000 persons.

Ray Bonds, in [The Vietnam War], provided us a good example that, on 3 May, American forces entered Mimot; on 5-13 May 1970, Snuol was occupied. Two days later, US troops discovered a vast bunker complex-nicknamed “The City”- in nearby jungle. Intelligence analysts later determined that the complex was the supply depot for 7th North Vietnamese Division. It contained some 182 large storage bunkers-most of them full of clothing, food, medical supplies, weapons and ammunition-as well as 18 mess halls, barracks, training and classroom facilities, and a small farm. Items captured included 1,282 individual and 202 crew-served weapons; more than 1.5 million rounds of small arms ammunition; 58.000 lbs. (26, 300 kg) of plastic explosive; 22 cases of anti-personnel mines; 30 short tons (26.8 tons; 27.2 tonnes) of rice; and 16, 000 lbs. (7, 260 kg) of corn; 1, 100 lbs. (500 kg) of salt. This was only part of the material uncovered in the sweep: many smaller supply dumps were later found elsewhere, some reserved for such equipment as automotive parts and communication gear. The searchers located more than 300 vehicles-mostly trucks, but including a Porsche sport-car and Mercedes Benz sedan. But no trace was found of COSVAN, the Vietcong headquarters reputed to consist of 2, 400 personnel, and most of the Vietcong were able to escape west through the jungle into more remote Cambodian sanctuaries.

The Cambodian survivors who were living along the Vietnamese-Cambodian Border, many of whom had no shelter/quarter, were short of everything. If they went to live in the provincial towns, who would be starved to death. So they had to adventure with their families in the jungles to join the forces with the Khmer Rouge. “Who were the Khmer Rouge, then?” Yiey Tien asked herself in an alarming voice. A proverb goes: out of frying pan into the fire. At this time, the Vc who took a great interest of those unlucky-poor Khmer Victims to be recruited as (Youtheas) soldiers. The Vc/NVAs stood successfully in queue to welcome those newcomers of Khmer Victims happily, by instigating them to take revenge against the imperialists. Thousands of young men enlisted enthusiastically, eager to fight the enemy, but those who were inspired loyalty by the Vc to fight against their Khmer Brothers and Sisters). Those newly recruited Cambodian elite was out touch with reality. However, they were misled to stop supporting the Lon Nol Government soon after, and they swore to avenge to their dead by Vietcong’s political stratagem and instigation. r people. The first Cambodian revolutionaries made their appearance in the Khmer minority in Cochin China,

Vietcong/NVAs assigned those newly recruited Khmer Rouge Youtheas into 3 groups: the first group of young Youtheas, age between 9-13 years old, called “Krom Trey Kanchoh” (the name of a small fish with two barbs or whiskers), whose leaders were all former bandits, or barbarians-lack of fundamental race of human decency; “ second group of youth-volunteers” were willingly to destroy the Lon Nol Government, to restore Samdech Sihanouk to power (this 2nd group had 40, 000 Youth-Volunteers); the third ones “ Group Loyalty to Vietcong”, that they must sabotage the feudalists and imperialists ( not knowing how many in this group, who were taken away by the Vc into a secret place.)

Khmer children should know and must not forget about Hanoi’s Criminal-political stratagem! Angkar and Hanoi came from the only one source. By the end of 1973, there was a party at a new Prime Minister Pan Sithi’s house. Yiey Tien, was also invited to that party, who had a good opportunity to tell every one about Ho Chi Minh’s pre planned of expanding control in Cambodia that will be incorporated into an Indochinese Communist Party. Pan Sithi then laughed at her like a monkey’s face and then he responded that Vietcong was in difficulty of finding food to eat; what could they do to us? There were 15 guests at that occasion that sat round the table starring at her widely. But no one questioned or answered her anything. A moment later, an officer-Neuv Tal, who looked at her by saying that, “we-Khmer should be careful of that, because it could be happened as Mrs. Tien said so.”

“Look, Bo Dois, who are the fanatics of Indochinese Communist Party at the first phase, must destroy the feudalists and imperialists. How come could they sacrifice their lives on sacred soil of Cambodia to help Sihanouk?” Yiey Tien exclaimed in despairing voice. Pan Sithi then shrugged his shoulder by asserting that our secret agents reported that Bo Dois all retreated from Cambodia…

“Who was the Angkar Leu?” asked Yiey Tien. “By the end of the 1973, the Vietcong thought of the 2nd group Khmer Rouge Youtheas were strong enough to hold their own against Lon Nol. The North Vietnamese combat divisions were withdrawn from Cambodia for the offensive in South Vietnam in a sham. The VC pretended to go home-Vietnam by saying goodbye to those poor, uneducated Khmer Rouge Youtheas. Before they retreated from Cambodia combat, they had sent a disguised group of real Vietnamese to lead those Khmer Rouge Youtheas for them. Those disguised Khmers were purely 100% of Vietnamese men, who used to living in Cambodia, learned very well about both Khmer lecture and language in school in Phnom Penh, were forcibly repatriated back to Vietnam from 1970 to 1971, were barbarian vindicators willing to come back to Cambodia, take revenge against the Cambodian students who staged anti-Vietnamese in 1970. Those Vietnamese men had changed their Vietnamese names to Cambodian ones…(Like Duk, whose real name was “Duc” in Vietnamese, was the Chief of prison of Tuol Sleng.)

Vietcong withdrew at this time to have hid her faces in the jungle of Cambodian territory, to be waiting to see the stupidity of the Khmers to kill each other. Some times, the leaders of the 2nd group of “Yuveachan-Smak Chet/ Volunteer Soldiers” had to go into the jungle to get ultimate order from Vietcong. They-leaders always told those Yuveachan Smak-Chet a lie that they had to go to learn from Angkar Leu…” Aha, Yiey Tien exclaimed, Khmer Brothers and Sisters! “Angkar Leu was born since then!” These words Yuon-Vietcong had used for threatening and exterminating Kampuchea Krom people since 1945, in Vietnamese language “ Cap Tren,” in English “An Anonymous Higher Organisation,” in Cambodian “Angkar Leu,” which was revealed by Hanoi’s secret-political stratagem to help Khmers two times.

International political analysts, CIA officers and many other foreign journalists had all false information about Vietnamese withdrawal of Cambodia in 1973. VC/NVA did pull their troops out of the international arena, to have hidden their faces in the jungles of Cambodian territory, to lead the poor, uneducated Khmer Rouge soldiers who had their bitter guts to avenge against their enemy (Khmers killed Khmers). The Hanoi Leaders are so cunning to have concealed tactfully their dirty-secret-pogrom plans of Khmer Race since then, as an old saying: “The cat hides their claws waiting to catch a mouse”. Hanoi leaders did really use their secret words “Angkar Leu” to murder more than 2 000 0000 Cambodian people; yet could not be condemned by the world and UN.

The prince was welcomed back to Peking in triumph, and on April 12 1973, the Chinese gave him a banquet at which Chou En-Lai praised him warmly. For his part, Sihanouk gave vent to his feelings in a diplomatic manner. He criticized “peace-loving” countries that sought to impose a cease-fire on Cambodia. He said American claims that North Vietnam was still fueling the war untrue-the resistance was no longer receiving aid. He denounced American peace plans that involved the partition of the country…

The prince Sihanouk and Khieu Samphan were betrayed by North Vietnam from 1970 to 1979. As Chou En-lai told Ambassador, Manac’h that the longer war in Cambodia continued, the more extreme and harsh would be final victory. During the course of his talks with le Duc Tho, Kissinger had attempted to obtain an assurance that cease-fires could be arranged in Cambodia and Laos as well as in Vietnam. The North Vietnamese were able to give satisfactory assurances on Laos; Hanoi had always dominated the Pathet Lao. In Cambodia, however, no such guarantees could be given, because of the growing tension between the North Vietnamese and the Khmer Rouge. During 1972, when almost all North Vietnamese combat divisions were withdrawn from Cambodia for the offensive in South Vietnam, reports of fairly constant fighting between the allies reached Phnom Penh and Washington. By the end of the year the Khmer Rouge were fielding an army of around 50, 000 men, organized in regiments, and were strong enough to hold their own against Lon Nol, with only logistical support from the North Vietnamese. They could now act independently of Hanoi. Did the Khmer Rouge really act independently of Hanoi after 1973? Rubbish! They did withdrew their troops from international level, to have hidden their faces in the jungles of Cambodian territory, waiting for a good time to come for action as happened from 1975 to 1979. As Nixon evidently believed in 1973 (and still in 1978) that the Khmer Rouge were controlled by Hanoi and were amenable to Moscow. But William Shawcross did not believe Nixon’s words because I think he does not know much about Hanoi’s long-time wish to eat up Cambodia, little by little, one by one until the end of Khmer race was left on the Maps of the world as Hanoi used to eating up Kampuchea Krom.

To compare the articles from foreign authors/ journalists who claimed to be Cambodian expert, but didn’t mention about the “Hidden faces and names of Angkar Leu/ Cap Tren: we have seen that the Khmer Rouge was a family affair. One might say as much about the Khmer Issarak Liberation Front (Free Cambodians), headed by 1950 on by Son Ngoc Minh, a relative of Son Ngoc Thanh’s (one of the Khmer Serei leader’s brothers, Son Thai Nguyen, was also elected to the South Vietnam Senate). The putative father of a dissident movement, Son Ngoc Minh became the head f the Khmer Vietminh. Following the Geneva agreements of 1954, they went over to Hanoi. The elderly Son Ngoc Minh, eliminated by the Khmer Rouge in 1972, did not fully taste the fruits of his plotting. His successors, even if they deny it, are Heng Samrin and his pro-Vietnamese cohorts, who moved into Phnom Penh when Hanoi invaded the city in January 1979. A Radio Hanoi program in December 1978, claimed the Khmer Rouge had subsequently poisoned the old Khmer communist movement, that is, uniting the Khmer Rouge and Khmer-Vietminh.

When Yiey Tien had finished her lower-level-political studies, Vietminh organised a School Festival “Le-Be-Mac”, having an order to address the “Friendship Ties” in Vietnamese and Cambodian was Miss Tien. At the end of the “Le-Be-Mac”, each of us went up on tribune to raise their hands in order to make an loyal oath: Firstly to thank and be faithful and bear true allegiance to Bac Ho; Secondly willing to strengthen our particular principle/doctrine (Kaul Chomhor) to think only of the collective interests; Thirdly must hide all the secrecy which we have learned from the political school. A chairman Thien stood up to make a clear comment about Kaul Chomhor at the end of the festival: Our Party, at first stage, must sabotage imperialists and feudalists that are number-one foes. Vietminh tried to remind all of us about Kaul Chomhor in some particular phrases forcing us to learn by heart:
a. “To Divide and Rule”;
b. “To Win is to Rule, To Lose is to be a tycoon”;
c. “To Kill a good man is better than keeping an enemy alive”;
d. “To Dash their hopes, and then make them have high hopes again!”;
e. “Where there is revolution taking place, there is a progress.”

All of these phrase as above, which Vietminh have used in Cambodia to exterminate Cambodians, and have ruled Cambodia as their own country, but at the end of this 20th century, which has UN and international organizations, help a weak country like Cambodia so that the powerful countries cannot swallow up a weak one at their will. As one good example in Russia, whose country is so powerful, but…collapsed! All Vietnamese leaders have exercised all their political sways to uproot Cambodian culture root and traditional religion-especially Buddhist monks. Many Cambodian Victims like Kampuchea Krom people living in overseas realized that the Vietnamese leaders of the twentieth century retained the same base desire to annex Cambodia, as had their forbears. Having just destroyed the French army in the superb communist military victory at Dien Bien Phu and now free of the yokes of foreign colonialists, Hanoi now set in motion her own evil secret plans to impose her own aggressive conquest upon all Indochina. It would take a long and bloody 25 years, but through single-minded and tenacious grit, greed and constant deceit, Hanoi would eventually extend her domain over three nations. Hanoi has perfectly sealed off her secret-pogrom plans so far so good in the eyes of the world.

When the “Le-Be-Mac” was finished, Vietminh then held a secret meeting at once to change those candidates’ names. At that time, Pham Van Suu came to the meeting too. He stood up to call Miss…as Ba Tien an angel…whereas Miss…as normal (My real name is that I’d like not to mention about). Ba is grandmother in Vietnamese, whereas Tien is also in Vietnamese name is Yiey Tien. For example, Saloth Sar, in 1953, joined to serve the Indochinese Communist Party immediately …Son Ngoc Minh (called Achar Mien) gave him-pseudonym Pol Pot instead.

At night, on 28 February 1948, Vietminh organized a great party for 29 candidates. Eating meal as we were discussing in order to keep that party going on. At that time, a Vietnamese Pham Van Suu, who was 25 years old, was an teacher of that school too, started to question in order to enlighten particular plans…Ieng asked Ta Thien that Bac Ho formed Indochinese Communist Party, “how could we solve the problems between Kampuchea and Laos? Because these two countries are the kingdoms”. Ta Thien stood up with a great smile and mention about Bac Ho’s formulated future plans…But it’s the most secret, which I have to explain to you, “Who would be the last-ditched new leaders of Indochina,” the two kingdoms Bac Ho was secretly well planned. Bac Ho already has sent secret Bo Doi into the bases in the jungles and forests since 1945, by taking pretext that we are volunteer soldiers to drive the French out of Indo-China…Taking a great opportunity, our Bo Doi could learn and know every angle, the jungle, mountains and many other geographies of the two kingdoms. Learning the psychological, traditional behaviors and the weakness of the Cambodian people who are in a very isolated forest region inhibited by members of a tribe that have been somehow forgotten in Cambodia’s march towards modernization, especially the bandits and mountaineers and so on. Sometimes our secret agents/spies tried patiently to teach Kaul Chomhor to those victims who had been long exploited by Cambodia monarch and mandarins, leaving them sullen, weary and injustices. Our psychological agents had to incite, illustrate and comment about the doctrine of purely, cleanly, just Indochinese Communist Party, tried to find freedom for them who are the masters of their country…and so on.

Whereas, in the city where Bac Ho has sent a wave of well-educated agents such as: “Doctors, engineers, entrepreneurs to hide themselves among the townspeople and the peasants in Cambodia as car-repairers, bike-repairers, fishmongers, fruitsellers and many other professional secret agents and …etc. they had all to learn to see the weakness of every Cambodian political parties and milieu…What are the Cambodian-officers and mandarins doing these days? We had to step our feet carefully, when we had a good opportunity, we would stand up at once to defeat them, acting accordingly with their weakness. We had to know to cover up our secrecy. Now our Met/Comrades reported every three month-nothing to be worried. Our number-one enemy was the French who were the strongest foes, had enough weapons, but we were still able to destroy them every time as we could. Our Party always has high hopes. Our Party would be able to take a victory one day. But we-Khmer-Laotian (words-Khmer and Laotian herein, which were newly made up by Yuon, not Khmer-Lao who were the master of their country) had to be united, putting arm round one’s shoulder tightly when the French were defeated, who had to retreat from Indochina. Lao-Khmer we had to incorporate them into an Indochinese Communist Party-needed not to waste a bullet or a soldier. We had to form New Khmer and Lao instead of the old ones. We had to use the psychological weapons because if Our Party made war against the Khmers, by using weapons and forces, we could not defeat them. Because Khmers are, in fact, gentle but if we fought with them in a battlefield. Khmers are tenacious and tolerable in a hard time and in the hot weather and rainy season. Therefore, Our Party had to use tactful tricks how to incite, divide, flatter and deceive them according to their weakness, and then we could take wondrous victory in our hands…Etc. At that time, Ieng exclaimed, “It sounds too easy!” Ta Thien continued his comments in an ignored manner: “Cambodian people Our Party acknowledged a baby-rabbit like which always fell asleep like a log-not knowing the war. As for the leaders of Cambodia we sent our secret agents/spies to have hidden patiently under the armpits, trying to learn their weakness and then we tried to instigate them into rebellion, by borrowing their hands to kill each other one by one, and step by step. If the longer the war between Cambodia and Vietnam continued the far better for us. Subsequently, Our Party tried patiently to recruit Khmer boys and girls who were sent to be trained in Peking as the future-cadre/leader of New Cambodia…Etc.

I am optimist that Hanoi was indeed hell-bent over eventually subjugating Cambodia. That was why during the war that in Cambodia from 1970 to 1975, North Vietnam made our war because they wanted Cambodians to kill Cambodians. Then, when there were no many of us left in the country, they would come and took our country as they did from 1979 until now. Cambodian educated men and many historians were broodingly certain Hanoi would eventually move to conquer Cambodia, either using the Khmer Rouge as pawns or else exterminating them all, as they did it from 1975 to 1979, and so far. Look at Lao! There were Laotian nationalists who could resist against the Vietnam. By now Hanoi has established a very firm grip on them. In Laos, the 1973 Peace accord had ended its ten years civil war (the world was misled that the war burning in Laos was the civil war. Hanoi’s still covered up tactfully her secret-evil plans for expanding control in both Laos and Khmer. The world was still misled that the Vietnamese are helpers of Cambodians and Laotians whose countries would be erased on the Maps of the World in the near future, as the Vietnamese forebears promised to annex Indochina as the Federal states-such as Laos, Khmer Kandal and Kampuchea Krom (South Vietnam), leading to the establishment of a coalition government in April 1974. The truce wasn’t last long-about one year until in 1975, the communist Pathet Lao backed by the VC/NVA violated the cease-fire by attacking government positions 180 km north of Vientiane. Hanoi Leaders have behaved deplorably who are the world’s worst violators of human right. They use tactfully their phrase: “Fight-Fight, Talk-Talk”. That is a way of tricking the President Nixon and Prince Sihanouk.

Ta Thien was speaking as he was staring at Neang Tien and five other Khmer youths that were the first candidates…with a great smile and cheer. He mentioned that Our Party had to contact Thailand secretly. We’d like Thai government to keep the secret-not to be involved with Cambodian Yuon problems at all. Bac Ho had promised, when Yuon formed an Indochinese Communist Party was succeeded once and for all, Yuon would be grateful to Thailand was our Party would concede some Khmer provinces to Siam, which were controlled by Siamese some years ago.

29 of us, who were sitting with an open mouth listening stupidly, with the chopsticks on the dishes like a baby-rabbit which has just opened their eyes, know nothing what Ta Thien mentioned, and the word “Peking” was heard from then on. Neang Tien could not believe that Ta Thien said to have sent Bo Doi to fulfil their mission in Cambodia. At first, “Special Ad Hoc Committee” selected boys and girls who were sent to Peking instead of Cambodia, by changing their secret plans. Comrade-Le Thi Sung asked Ta Thien alarmingly, “Didn’t Cambodian and Laotian people have a hand to resist against Our Party?”

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